Religions

Photographed by Kessler Pierre - Cathedral of Port-au-Prince destroyed by earthquake

Catholic Churches

The Church is attempting to assist Haitians who are in poverty, and with their health and living conditions. In accordance with Catholic social teaching,   it strives to vindicate the right to life of all people in Haiti, through partnerships and twinnings.

According to the Catholic Church in Haiti, the ten dioceses of the two ecclesiastical provinces of Haiti include 251 parishes and about 1500 Christian rural communities. The indigenous clergy has 400 diocesan priests and 300 seminarians. Vocations to the priesthood are considered sufficient. There are also 1300 religious missionary priests belonging to more than 70 religious congregations.

Sacred Heart Catholic Church in ruins after the Haiti earthquake. A crucifix is left standing

The Haitian people were beaten but not broken, and those Haitian Saints who experienced heartache at the hands of this natural disaster remain resilient.  Haitians are faithful worshipers even after the earthquake they find something to be thankful for...    “God who made heaven and earth lives and listens our prayers constantly, no matter where we are and at any time, and gives answers.” 

Majority of Haitian Christians are Catholic

The largest Christian denomination in the country is  Roman Catholicism, which is estimated to be about 80 percent of the population according to the 2015 CIA World Factbook. The historical background is very much due to the French influence  brought about through the newly conquered territories.

Since 2001, other studies suggest that the Protestant population had grown to perhaps one-third of the population in 2001.


The 2015 CIA Factbook reports Protestants made up about 16% of the population (Baptist 10%, Pentecostal 4%, Adventist 1%, other 1%). Other sources put the Protestant population higher than this, suggesting that it might have formed form one-third of the population in 2001.


 According to the CIA World factbook, about 50% of the population practices Vodou. This figure is, however, contested. Note that this overlaps the practice of other religions, particularly Roman Catholicism. Haitian Protestants are less likely to practice Vodou, as their churches strongly denounce it as diabolical.


Different Religions

Roman Catholicism vs Vodou

Roman Catholicism is the official religion of Haiti, but voodoo may be considered the country's national religion. The majority of Haitians believe in and practice at least some aspects of voodoo. Most voodooists believe that their religion can coexist with Catholicism. 

....a religious community

The overwhelming majority of Haitian citizens identify with at least some sort of religious group. They believe in the presence of a greater power who determines the fates of all men. To seek that power's blessings, they offer sacrifices, engage in religious festivals, and perform ceremonies, among other activities 

Protestants

The Protestants are mainly Baptists, Pentecostals, Adventists, and other smaller groups.  Other statistics to point out that Protestants make up more than a third of the country’s population. Unlike the Catholics, they completely denounce the practice of voodoo as a vice.